Why is विक्रम संवत् 2075 known as Indian New Year (which is on 18th March) for 2018?
In India, the most famous ancient calendar is Vikram Samvat (विक्रम संवत्) (‘Samvat’ means ‘Era’) which is Lunar Calendar.
Legend says that Vikram Samvat (विक्रम संवत्) starts from 57 BC, hence the current new year would be 2018 + 57 = 2075 i.e विक्रम संवत् 2075 (Vikram Samvat 2075)
Many say that Raja Vikramaditya started विक्रम संवत् (era) after defeating Sakas.
What day actually starts the first day of विक्रम संवत् 2075?
विक्रम संवत् starts on ‘Shukla’ Pratipada of ‘Chaitra’ month. ‘Pratipada’ is first Tithi (date) in any ‘Paksha’.
There are two Paksha in one particular month of Hindu Calendar-
a) Shukla Paksha (Bright fortnight)
b) Krishna Paksha (Dark fortnight)
Following are the months in Hindu Lunar Calendar:
1. Chaitra (30/31* days)
2. Vaisakh (31 Days)
3. Jyeshtha (31 Days)
4. Asadha (31 Days)
5. Shravan (31 Days)
6. Bhadra (31 Days)
7. Ashwin (30 Days)
8. Kartik (30 Days)
9. Margashirsha (30 Days)
10. Pausa (30 Days)
11. Magha (30 Days)
12. Phalguna (30 Days)
(* Leap years)
In year 2018, the Hindu New Year starts on 18th March 2018 because on 18th March 2018 Amavasya ends and Chaitra Pratipada starts.
What are the names of New Year Day in various states of India
New Year Day is celebrated as:
Chaitra Navaratri in most of the North Indian States (in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand etc….)
Ugadi in Karnataka , Telangana and Andhra Pradesh (Lunar Calendar)
Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Goa and Konkan (Lunar Calendar)
Thapna in Rajasthan (Lunar Calendar)
Vaisakhi in Punjab (Solar Calendar)
Rongali Bihu in Assam (Solar Calendar)
Bishuva Sankranti in Odisha (Solar Calendar)
Puthandu in Tamilnadu (Solar Calendar)
Vishu in Kerala (Solar Calendar)
Note that as per Solar Calendar, New Year starts mostly on 14th/15th April every year
What are the important days in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra Navaratri starts on the first day of new year and continues for nine days
The birth anniversary of “Lord Ram” is celebrated on the 9th day of Chaitra month
“Hanuman Jayanti” is celebrated on the last day (Full Moon day) of Chaitra month.
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