Why is विक्रम संवत् 2074 known as Indian New Year for 2017?
In India, the most famous ancient calendar is Vikram Samvat (विक्रम संवत्) (‘Samvat’ means ‘Era’) which is Lunar Calendar.
Legend says that Vikram Samvat (विक्रम संवत्) starts from 57 BC, hence the current new year would be 2017 + 57 = 2074 i.e विक्रम संवत् 2074 (Vikram Samvat 2074)
Many say that Raja Vikramaditya started विक्रम संवत् (era) after defeating Sakas.
What day actually starts the first day of विक्रम संवत् 2074?
विक्रम संवत् starts on ‘Shukla’ Pratipada of ‘Chaitra’ month. ‘Pratipada’ is first Tithi (date) in any ‘Paksha’.
There are two Paksha in one particular month of Hindu Calendar-
a) Shukla Paksha (Bright fortnight)
b) Krishna Paksha (Dark fortnight)
Following are the months in Hindu Lunar Calendar:
1. Chaitra (30/31* days)
2. Vaisakh (31 Days)
3. Jyeshtha (31 Days)
4. Asadha (31 Days)
5. Shravan (31 Days)
6. Bhadra (31 Days)
7. Ashwin (30 Days)
8. Kartik (30 Days)
9. Margashirsha (30 Days)
10. Pausa (30 Days)
11. Magha (30 Days)
12. Phalguna (30 Days)
(* Leap years)
In year 2017, the Hindu New Year starts on 28th March 2017 because on 28th March 2017 Amavasya ends at 8:27AM and Chaitra Pratipada starts at that time but then Chaitra Pratipada ends before 6AM on 29th March 2017 (Many north Indian states will celebrate on 29th March 2017)
What are the names of New Year Day in various states of India
New Year Day is celebrated as:
Chaitra Navaratri in most of the North Indian States (in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand etc….)
Ugadi in Karnataka , Telangana and Andhra Pradesh (Lunar Calendar)
Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Goa and Konkan (Lunar Calendar)
Thapna in Rajasthan (Lunar Calendar)
Vaisakhi in Punjab (Solar Calendar)
Rongali Bihu in Assam (Solar Calendar)
Bishuva Sankranti in Odisha (Solar Calendar)
Puthandu in Tamilnadu (Solar Calendar)
Vishu in Kerala (Solar Calendar)
Note that as per Solar Calendar, New Year starts mostly on 14th/15th April
What are the important days in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra Navaratri starts on the first day of new year and continues for nine days
The birth anniversary of “Lord Ram” is celebrated on the 9th day of Chaitra month
“Hanuman Jayanti” is celebrated on the last day (Full Moon day) of Chaitra month.
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